According to the Centers for Disease Control news release, Italian Health has reported 254 cases of chikungunya fever, which is transmitted through mosquitoes.
As stated by the World Health Organization, Chikungunya fever is a viral illness that is characterized by severe joint pain, as well as a fever and a rash that covers all parts of the body. Fortunately, chikungunya fever is not a life threatening disease, however symptoms from the disease can require medications up to a year after infection. There is no drug treatment at all against chikungunya fever, bed rest, plenty of fluids and medication such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen will help when it comes to the aches and pains. Taking aspirin is not recommended while ill with this virus since aspirin increases the risk for Reye’s Syndrome.
The cases which have been reported by the Italian Health are in the province of Ravenna, Emilia-Romagna which is in northeast Italy. The two villages where reports have been more intense are in Castiglione di Ravenna and Castiglione de Cervia. Tests that have been conducted show that the local mosquitoes are indeed responsible for transmitting the infection.
Since Italy is full of travelers, the Italian Health authorities are urging all residents as well as tourists to take the necessary precautions to avoid coming in contact with mosquitoes. The best way to do this is to follow these instructions. Try and wear long sleeve shirts, pants, and long dresses to cover your arms and legs while outside.
Always while outside use insect repellent on any skin that is exposed. If there is no need to go anywhere during the times mosquitoes like to roam around (early morning, early evening) then stay inside. Be sure that whenever you are staying in a hotel that if the windows are open that screens are present when opened. If possible, keep all windows shut and air conditioning on. Also, be sure that there are no containers outside that have water in them, if you do, empty them immediately. Water is a breeding ground for mosquitoes.
Next week a team of health experts led by the European Center for Disease Prevention and Control will be in Italy next week to go over experiences and discuss the possible impact of the chikungunya virus in other European countries. To learn more about the outbreak or to just keep up to date with it, please visit Situation Update – Chikungunya Fever in the Province of Ravenna, Italy .
SOURCE : Chikungunya Fever in Italy
SOURCE: European Center for Disease Prevention and Control