Annie Heloise Abel was a renowned historian and professor in Native Americans and their history. She was born on February 18, 1873, in Sussex, England, daughter of George and Amelia Anne Hogben Abel. Her family would move from England to Salina, Kansas around 1884 and would settle there. She would go on to become one of the leading literary people who was an authority on Native American history.
In 1902, she published a thesis for her masters that would be called “Indian Reservations in Kansas and Extinguishment of their Title”. Then she would write her doctorate on “The History of Events Resulting in Indian Consolidation West of the Mississippi”. This would win her the Historical Association’s Justin Windsor Prize in 1906. Later that year she would be published in the “Annual Report”. She would receive her Masters at the University of Kansas before going on to Cornell University then later receiving her doctorate at Yale. She would work at different colleges as a history professor and would work on different subjects on the Native Americans. She would be particularly interested in their experiences and participation in the American Civil War time and also interested in the Indians that were slaveholders. Two Native American tribes, the Choctaw and the Chickasaw were the main tribes that were drawn into it all because of concerns that concerned the Confederacy and slavery.
She was also interested in the British and their ongoing policy in regards to the Native Americans and their history with the British Empire. She was most interested with both the New World and also other areas. She would marry in 1921, to Australian George Cockburn Henderson and her name would become Annie Heloise Abel Henderson. Unfortunately the marriage would not last long at all and she would return to the states and settle in Aberdeen, Washington. She would continue to write what she knew and was interested in and would become an expert in on the Native Americans.
Annie Abel was one of the most helpful and interesting woman of her time, with her knowledge and expertise on the Native American and their culture. She would pass away on March 14, 1947, of cancer and would be buried in Montesana, Washington. She would go down in history as the one who diligently researched and knew more about the Native Americans, the history and their plight and problems in the history of the United States and the British Empire.