1917-1930 Zauditu became Empress of Ethiopia. She was the first woman leader of an African nation.
1941-1960 Mantsebo Amelia Matsaba became Queen of Basutoland (now Lesotho).
1950 In Barbados women were allowed to vote.
1969 Liberia’s Angie Brooks served as president of the United nations General Assembly during its 1968-69 session.
1974 Bernadette Olowo became Uganda’s ambassador to Holy See. She was the first African female to occupy the post.
1974 Uganda’s dictator Idi Amin Dada appointed Princess Elizabeth Baagaya of Toro as his Foreign Minister. She became one of the few female ministers in Africa.
1974-1976 Bangui (Central African Republic). Dictator Jean-Bedel Bokassa appointed Madame Elisabeth Domitien as his Prime Minister. She was sworn in as Africa’s first woman Prime Minister.
1980- Mozambique (Africa). Samora Machel’s wife, Graca Machel was one of the most outstanding female leaders on the African mainland. After Samora’s death in 1986, she married Nelson Mandela. In the late 1990s, Graca was First Lady of South Africa. She became the country’s leading women’s rights activist.
1980 Mrs. Mary Eugenia Charles, known as the “Iron Lady of the Caribbean”, became the first black female leader in the world. During her rule, Dominica had cordial diplomatic ties with Washington,Taipei and London.She also called for the admission of Taiwan to the United Nations. Dominica’s Mary Eugenia Charles soon earned a reputation as one of the Caribbean’s top leaders. She was the only black female ruler in the 20th century to win three consecutive terms.
1982 Notombi Twala became Queen of the Kingdom of Swaziland.
1982-1983 Dzeliwe Shongwe was Queen of Swaziland.
1984-1986/ 1988-1994 Maria Liberia-Peters was elected Prime Minister of the Netherlands Antilles (Caribbean).
1985 The Third World Conference on Women was held in Nairobi, the capital city of Kenya.
1990-1991 Dame Ertha Pascal-Trouillot became President of Haiti. When she was nominated to the post of Haiti presidency, she was an unknown to the Caribbean public.
1992 Peru’s Maria Elena Moyano, a human rights activist, was brutally assassinated by Shining Path, one of the most dangerous terrorist groups in the Third World. Today Moyano, who was an African-Peruvian citizen, is a symbol of peace on the Latin American continent.
1993-1994 Sylvie Kinigi was the first woman to be leader of Burundi.She was the second black female Prime Minister on the African continent after Elisabeth Domitien (Central African Republic).
1994-2003 Speciosa Wandira Kazibwe was elected Vice president of Uganda. She became the first woman Vice President of Uganda when she was elevated to that office in 1994.
1993-1994 Kigali, Rwanda (Africa). Juvenal Habyarimana appointed Agathe Uwilingiyamana, former Minister of education, as his Prime Minister.She was Rwanda’s first elected woman Prime Minister.
1995 Gertrude Mongella (Tanzania) became one of the main leaders of the UN Women’s Conference in the People`s Republic of China.
1995-1996 Haiti’s Claudette Werleigh became the country’s first black female to be named Prime Minister.
1996-1997 Liberia’s Ruth Perry was the first woman to head an African state.
1998-2003 Jennifer Smith made history when she was elected Head of Government of Bermuda.
2001-2002 Mame Madior Boye was the first woman who became Prime Minister in Senegal, a French-speaking nation in Africa.
2002-2004 Maria das Neves Leita Baptista de Souza was the first woman Prime Minister of Sao Tome and Principe.
2004 Kenya’s Wangari Maathai became the second African woman to win a Nobel Prize.One of Africa’s leading environmentalist and the recipient of many international awards, she is the highest-ranking woman in Kenya’s political history.
2004- Luísa Dias Diogo was the first woman to become Prime Minister of Mozambique, an ex Portuguese colony in Africa.
2005-2006 Maria do Carmo Silveira became the second woman Prime Minister of Sao Tome Principe.
2006 Mrs. Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf, one of Liberia’s most successful diplomats, became the first democratically elected female president of Africa. One of the few African female leaders of today who is known outside her own continent, Johnson-Sirleaf won a presidential runoff election over George Weah, a famous ex-athlete.
2006-2007 Jamaica became the focus of world attention in 2006 when Portia Simpson-Miller was the fifth black female ruler in the Caribbean.
Freedom in the World. The Annual Survey of Political rights and Civil Liberties 1992-1993, Freedom House, 1993.
Hunter, Brian. The Statesman’s Year-Book 1991-1992, the MacMillan Press Ltd, 1991
Informe sobre Desarrollo Humano 1995. Género y Desarrollo Humano, PNUD, 1995
Informe sobre Desarollo Humano 1994.Nuevas Dimensiones de la Seguridad Humana, PNUD, 1994
Kindersley, Dorling. The Book of Rule: How the World is Governed, 2004