Introduction to Dilwara Jain Temples
The magnificent temples of Mt. Abu feature some of the finest temple decorations in India . These temples built during 11th and 13th centuries A.D. are world famous for their stunning use of marble. It is said that the artisans were paid wages according to the amount dust they collected thereby inspiring them to carve even more intricately. The two temples of Dilwara Jain Temples are ravishingly intense and a collection of soft milky kaleidoscopes with excellent carvings.
Famous Dilwara Temples of Mount Abu in Rajasthan
There are five famous Dilwara Jain Temples. All the temples have been marked with exquisite carving.
Vimal Vasahi (Shri Adi Nathji temple) dedicated to the first Jain Tirthankar lord Rishabh.
Luna Vasahi (Shri Neminathji temple) dedicated to the 22nd Jain Tirthankar lord Neminatha.
Pithalhar (Shri Rishabha Devji temple) dedicated to the first Jain Tirthankar lord Rishabh.
Khartar Vasahi (Shri Parshva Nathji temple) dedicated to the 23rd Jain Tirthankar lord Parshva.
Mahavir Swami (Shri Mahavir Swamiji temple) dedicated to the last Jain Tirthankar lord Mahavir.
The most famous of these are the Vimal Vasahi and Luna Vasahi temples.
Description of Dilwara Temples
Vimal Vasahi: Vimal Vasahi temple is the oldest and was started in 1031 and was sponsored by a Gujarati minister. The temple is devoted to the first Teerathankar – Adinath. Lavishly built it got completed in 14 years. With an image of Adinath in the center, it is surrounded by identical cells. House of Elephants located just in front of the temple features a procession of elephants marching towards the temple entrance.
Luna Vasahi (Shri Nemi Nathji temple): This temple id dedicated to Neminath, the 22ndTeerathankar and was built by two brothers Tejpal and Vastupal in 1230. 2500 workers diligently worked to make the wonderful marble carvings and it took 15 years to built this temple.
Pithalhar (Shri Rishabh Deoji temple): A massive metal statue of first Jain Tirthankara Rishabha Dev (Adinath), cast in five metals, is the main attraction here. The temple was built by Bhima Shah, a minister of Sultan Begada of Ahmedabad. As the main metal of the idol is pital (brass) hence named Pithallar.
Khartar Vasahi (Shri Parshav Nathji temple): Built by Mandlik and his family in 1458-59 the tempe id devoted to Parshvanathji, the 23rdTirthankara. It is the tallest edifice with three stories but does not compete with the afore mentioned structures. The outer walls of the sanctum are embellished with beautiful sculptures in gray sandstone comparable to those in Khajuraho and Konark.
Mahaveer Swami (Shri Mahaveer Swamiji temple): This small structure is dedicated to the 24th Jain Tirthankara, Lord Mahaveer and was built in 1582. There are beautiful paintings to worth seeing here.