Spleen removal is a common procedure in today’s healthcare settings. Serving very little purpose, the spleen is often removed due to medical complications associated directly, or indirectly, with the spleen. One such condition, known as hypersplenism, results in such a medical complication that often requiring removal of the spleen.
Hypersplenism is a condition which results in the development of a blood disorder when the spleen begins to function abnormally, attacking and destroying, blood cells. While the spleen’s only major function is to serve this exact purpose, removing blood cells, it is the premature and excessive destruction of the blood cells which results in complications.
While hypersplenism may be attributed to both a secondary and primary health complication, the risk for improved health lies in the remedy of the underlying condition, in most cases. Such primary disorders, which lead to hypersplenism, may include suffering from rheumatoid arthritis, tuberculosis and malaria.
So, how do you know if you suffer from an enlarged spleen, known as hypersplenism? Most often, symptoms, when not related to a primary medical complication, begin as an excessive bleeding disorder, especially the onset of persistent and chronic nose bleeds. To this, sufferers begin to notice they are ill quite frequently with bacterial infections, may feel weak and even experience heart palpitations.
In most cases, an enlarged spleen can be diagnosed by physical examination with a healthcare professional. X-ray or CT scan can confirm the diagnosis but the real issue of concern is the potential primary health condition for which the enlarged spleen is based. While many cases of hypersplenism are based upon a primary medical complication, your healthcare professional will need to determine what this primary health condition is and, as a result, remedy both conditions according to medical guidelines.
Removing the spleen is always a last resort. As an option to treat hypersplenism, many patients will opt to utilize other medical treatments to resolve the conditions which attributed to the hypersplenism in the first place. However, when the remedies re not successful, or the enlarged spleen is simply a primary condition with no underlying health complication, surgical removal of the spleen, known as splenectomy, may be the only option.
As with any health complication, the key to optimal health outcomes lies in the early diagnosis and treatment. When suffering with a spleen disorder, it is best to avoid surgery, if at all possible. However, when surgical is indicated, there are relatively few medical complications of concern following a splenectomy.