There are around 2,000 different species of scorpions throughout the world although just a handful of these are actually kept as pets within the United States. Regardless of the type of scorpion you choose to keep as a pet, there are a number of essentials you will need to properly, and safely, house your new pet. It is important to note that most species of scorpions are cannibalistic, under the right circumstances, so it is best to house them separately.
- Tank A ten gallon tank is the perfect size for a single pet scorpion. A tank with a locking top is necessary as scorpions are extremely adept at escaping unsecured enclosures. They are excellent climbers, capable of squeezing through small openings, and are very strong so make sure the lid fits snuggly over the tank.
- Bedding If you are keeping a tropical species of scorpion they will need damp soil in which to burrow, it is important that the soil stays damp as tropical scorpions require a humid environment. Good choices include sterilized potting soil, eco earth, or bed-a-beast. If you are keeping a desert species of scorpion regular play sand will work nicely for them. Regardless of the type of scorpion you keep, three to five inches of bedding should be placed in the tank.
- Tank Accessories The only real necessities your scorpion will need inside their tank are a shallow water dish, no more than one-half inch and a place to hide. Adding a few rocks and sticks for climbing are at the discretion of the owner. Just remember that scorpions are good climbers and escape artists so decorate the tank accordingly and always be aware of your scorpion’s location before opening his tank.
- Lighting Scorpions are nocturnal and as such do not require a light source for their tank. Although, an adult scorpions skin contains fluorescent particles that react when exposed to black light so a black light can be placed over the tank in order to better observe them at night.
- Heating Your pet will require a heating element under one-third to one-half of their tank. It may also be a good idea to have at least one thermometer within the tank to be able to monitor the internal temperature. Different species require different temperature ranges varying from 75 to 90 degrees Fahrenheit.
- Feeding Gut loaded crickets and mealworms should be fed every four to seven days depending on the age of your scorpion and the number of scorpions housed in one tank. Younger scorpions will eat almost constantly while adult scorpions have been known to go months without eating. If keeping multiple scorpions in the same tank, providing an adequate amount of food will help to reduce the risk of cannibalism.