The Eye of Horus itself is represented, not by a human eye as many people think, but by a falcon’s eye with a tear in one corner, and the separate parts of the eye can be divided in ancient Egyptian measurements into six parts. These six parts correspond to the six senses – Touch, Taste, Hearing, Thought, Sight, Smell. Since the eye is considered the receptor of *input*, it has these six doors, to receive data.
The construction of the eye follows very precise laws. The senses are ordered according to their importance. And according to how much energy must be received by the eye for an individual to receive a particular sensation. All of the sensory data input is considered the eye’s “food”.
In the Ancient Egyptian measurement system, the Eye of Horus represented a fractional based system to measure parts of a whole. The entire eye measured 1 heqat. And each of the parts of the eye measured fractions of the heqat. More specifically, the corresponding sense data and their equivalent heqat fractions are:
Sense of Touch: Part of the eye pointing downward, representing planting a stick into the ground. It is 1/64 of a heqat. This part of the Eye of Horus is like planting a stalk that will take root in the Earth. Since the Earth represented touch to the Egyptians, planting itself represents physical contact and touching.
Sense of Taste: Part of the eye that spirals down, representing the sprouting of wheat or other grain from the planted stalk. It is 1/32 of a heqat. The spiral is like the food we put into our mouths, so it represents taste. Since the tastes we experience come from touching different shapes, taste is based on touch, so is a larger part of a heqat.
Sense of Hearing: The left half of the eyeball is the part of the eye representing the ear. The figure points toward the ear and also has the shape of a horn or musical instrument. It is 1/16 of a heqat. When hearing a sound, we find this to be either pleasing or unpleasant. The sound has a taste for us, causing a preference. Thus, sound requires requires both “touch” and “taste”, and is hence a combination of the lower senses.
Sense of Thought: The curve at the top of the eye is like our eyebrow, which we often use to express our thoughts. It is 1/8 of a heqat. Eyebrows are also the facial feature that is closest to the part of the forehead associated with thinking.
Sense of Sight: The circle, or pupil, of the eye represents seeing, or the sensation of light. It is 1/4 heqat.
Sense of Smell: The right side of the eye points to the nose and even looks like a nose. It represents the sensation of smell. It is 1/2 of a heqat.
Putting all of these six senses together created one whole Eye of Horus:
1/64 + 1/32 + 1/16 + 1/8 + 1/4 + 1/2 or with common denominators:
1/64 + 2/64 + 4/64 + 8/64 + 16/64 + 32/64 = 63/64 (almost one whole)
According to Egyptian legend, the Eye of Horus’ first use as an amulet was actually performed by Horus himself who offered it to his dead father Osiris, restoring him to life. The great healing and protective powers of the wedjat eye as an amulet were widely known and believed as early as the Old Kingdom (2300 B.C.E.). Large numbers of them were often placed among the wrappings of mummies in addition to being worn as pendants and rings. The unique form of the eye, with the downward spiraling element which starts at the forward corner is taken from the distinctive facial markings of hawks. The most common colors used for the amulets were blue and green since these represented regeneration to the ancient Egyptian.
The Eye of Horus, sometimes also called the eye of Ra, represents a sign of power given to the wearer by the gods of the time. It can also be a symbol that you are protected from harm by the god represented in the eye, whether that be Horus or Ra. The Egyptian word for this symbol is Wadjet, which literally translated means god or goddess. Horus himself was the falcon headed Egyptian god that originally represented the sky, but also came to be recognized as the sun and moon god as well.
Currently, Mystical Charm offers a few products depicting the Eye of Horus. One of them is a beautiful Eye of Horus Treasure Box useful for storing all sorts of unique jewelry, mementos, or special keepsakes. Today, many different pieces of jewelry include the Eye of Horus not only for its unique style but for its symbolic history.