Moses is listed as the author of Genesis and of the four following books, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy, called the Pentateuch.
We see Genesis opening with the formation of the solar system, the preparation of the land for habitation and the creation of life on Earth.
Genesis then continues by explaining the origins or many mysterious qualities of life including human sexuality, marriage, sin, sickness, pain in child bearing, death, the wrath of God, man’s enmity towards man the dispersion of races and languages throughout the earth.
Chapter 12 starts recounting the call of Abraham and the inauguration of God’s covenant with him which was renewed with Isaac and Jacob.
In many ways Genesis anticipates the New testament. In John 5:46 Jesus said ” If you believed Moses, you would believe Me, for he wrote about Me.”
Genesis finally concludes with the blessing of Jacob upon Judah, from whose tribe the Messiah would come.
Many lessons can be taken from Genesis. Abraham is our example of Faith, Joseph’s life is an example for all who suffer unfairly. It challenges us in this age of undisciplined permissiveness.
We find the greatest revelation of Christ in Genesis. This is found in God’s establishment of His covenant with Abraham in chapters 15 -17. Glorious promises were made to Abraham by God and one of the major fulfillments of theses promises is in Jesus Christ. The explanation of this can be found in Galatians which was written by Paul.
As we read through the Bible we find that a lot of it is built upon the Abrahamic covenant and its flowering in Jesus Christ.
We can compare the dramatic story of Abraham’s willingness to sacrifice Isaac at God’s command to God’s willingness to sacrifice His only son for the sins of the world.
So where does the Holy Spirit feature in Genesis? Well Genesis 1-2 tells us that “The Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters”. This indicates that the Holy Spirit was most certainly involved in the creation.
The Holy Spirit also worked in Joseph. This is shown to us in Genesis 41:38 when Pharaoh says ” Can we find such a one as this, a man whom is the Spirit of God”.
Genesis teaches us that God is creator and only he has self existence. Man fell by choice. God hates sin perfectly and therefore it must be judged and punished. It teaches that faithfulness to God means hatred for sin. It also teaches us that Abraham is the Father of Faith and the Faithful.
At the end of the day we are taught to avoid striving to fulfill God’s promises on our own. Doing so always backfires and produces undesired results.