The Boston Terrier is a wonderful small breed of dog, first originating in the city of Boston, Massachusetts. Resulting from a cross between an English Bulldog and a now-extinct breed of white English Terrier, it was a dog by the name of “Wells’ Eph” who would be the foundation sire of the Boston Terrier breed. At the time, they were used primarily as a fighting dog in the stables, a sport which was favored by many of the working class.
Originally known as the American Bull Terrier, his name would be changed in 1891 after both the Bulldog fanciers and those who raised the Bull Terrier breed both protested. Considered too young to become a recognized breed, these little dogs were first rejected by the American Kennel Club, under claims that it was not yet known if the dogs would continue to breed true to type. Fanciers were not about to give up, however – changing the dog’s name to the Boston Terrier, fanciers continued to breed and exhibit these wonderful little dogs until they were finally admitted into the Stud Book in the year 1893. Even when dog fighting was made illegal, the breed was preserved and the aggressiveness careful bred out of the line. The Boston Terrier remains a favorite companion animal to this day.
Originally nicknamed “Round Heads” because of the distinctively spherical shape to their profile, the Boston is known for his comical personality, sweet disposition and unique markings. Often called “The Gentleman of Dogs” due to his tuxedo-like coat, the Boston Terrier comes in black, brindle and seal, all of which should have the same evenly marked white – ideally consisting of a white blaze, bib, and four white socks. Their tails are docked at a very young age and can either consist of a short nub or a screw tail, commonly resembling that of a piglet. While excessive wrinkles are frowned upon, the Boston Terrier possesses a very expressive face that can instantly display the dog’s mood. Amusingly, they seem to almost smile sometimes, while other times they appear to be in deep and serious contemplation.
The Boston Terrier is shown in one of three weight classes: Under 15 pounds, 15 to under 20 pounds, and dogs that are 20 to under 25 pounds. There are no such things as Teacup Boston Terriers or Miniature Boston Terriers – both of these are marketing ploys, designed to fool inexperienced buyers into paying more money for dogs, usually of poor quality. In reality, those advertising teacup puppies should be avoided in favor of more honest and reputable breeders.
A wonderful dog for both families and as a companion for the elderly, the Boston Terrier is an engaging and friendly little dog who gets along with children and other animals alike. Low-maintenance when it comes to both exercising and grooming, he generally enjoys the occasional walk in the shade, socializing with friends at the dog park, and getting a weekly brushing. If you can provide these simple things for your Boston Terrier, you’re sure to have a friend that’s bound to give you lots of love in return, for many years to come.