How will the world end? According to the Mayan Calendar, the year has been set at 2012, as found at Maya Calendar – Wikipedia. People have believed for centuries that they lived in the end times. As the year 0 BC approached man prepared for the final confrontation between good and evil. The same patterns occurred in the year 1000 AD and 2000 AD. I will discuss numerous possibilities about how the world will end, then I will tell you with 100 percent certainty how doomsday will occur.
There are numerous possibilities: pathogens, nuclear war, meteor impact, sun expansion, black holes, and the Second Law of Thermodynamics. In this article I will examine each possibility.
Pathogens that can potentially devastate the human race include viruses and bacteria found at Pathogen- Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Viruses are non-cellular genetic material covered by a protein coat. Viruses mutate rapidly making them more difficult to eradicate in the human body. Over time our immune systems may substantially suppress the intruder, hopefully before it kills us. In 1918-1919 the influenza virus according to Influenza, caused word wide devastation. One reason for the possible spread of the disease was due to the horrendous battlefield conditions of World War I. There were numerous corpses lying on Europe’s battlefield trenches due to machine gun fire and chemical weapons promoting the spread of this pathogen in Europe. The virus had taken up to 100 million lives in the world before it disappeared. This was not the first time a pathogen devistated a world population. The Black Plague, according to Black Death, caused by a bacteria Yersinia pestis, in the 1400’s killed around 100 million people. The potential for another infectious disease outbreak is quite possible. One possibility is the spread of the bird flu; or another unknown virus. The virus can once again kill millions. But it is not likely to kill everyone. There are genetic differences among people that were obtained at conception from our mother and father. Odds are that some people will have resistance to a particular pathogen. They can spread a new set of genes throughout the next generation to repopulate the world after the infestation of the deadly pathogen. The human race will very likely survive the next infectious disease outbreak.
Well, what about nuclear war? Information concerning nuclear war was obtained from Nuclear Warfare- Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. In Carl Sagan’s Cosmic Universe found at Carl Sagan’s Cosmic Connection, he was concerned, at the time, of a nuclear conflagration between the former Soviet Union and the United States of America. Now a confrontation between Russia with the US seems unlikely. The threat may come from another power. The only remaining power that can potentially challenge US dominance is Red China. The US estimates that China has approximately 20 long range nuclear missiles that can strike the US mainland according to War with China. Of course this estimate can be wrong. The Chinese government is very deceptive. It is possible that the Chinese could be hiding many more missiles in their mountain ranges. Remember, the US was surprised by the nuclear testing that occurred in India and Pakistan in 1998. Even if the Chinese really only had 20 missiles, imagine 20 missiles striking America’s 20 biggest cities. This could result in the instant annihilation of 1/3 of the US population. The US would respond with a massive nuclear strike on mainland China. But the Chinese do not care about human life, like the US does. They may not be worried about starting a nuclear war. The Chinese repeatedly have stated that China was prepared to sacrifice most of its population in a war with the US to keep control of Taiwan. In the late 1990’s a top Chinese general stated that he was prepared to launch a nuclear missile at Los Angeles, if the US interfered with their dealings concerning Taiwan. China is currently on a massive military buildup, similar to pre-World War II Germany. There could be a nuclear exchange in the future by these two giants, ultimately killing a substantial portion of the world population, through the initial blasts and radiation damage. But the odds are that someone will survive.
A meteor impact is another distinct possibility found at Impact Event-Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. In any given year there is approximately a 1/1000 chance that a meteor about a mile in diameter will strike the Earth ; causing mass destruction in the world as dust covers the atmosphere from the origin of the blast, bringing us into a winter scenario, resulting in massive famine as food dwindles due to dying crops. The meteor need not be that big, because its initial high speed would result in a tremendous impact. The initial blast of a meteor a mile in diameter could contain more energy than all the combined nuclear arsenal of the world. As the meteor passes through the atmosphere it would create a sonic boom, as it broke the sound barrier. Massive devastation would ensue from the blast for miles. An impact in the ocean would create a tsunami miles high, possibly flooding countries; especially those that are low relative to the sea, such as most of England. If this impact had occurred in the 1700’s it would not be as bad. Most people were farmers in the US. But since we live in a highly technical society; you can image rupturing of gas lines generating fires worldwide by the movement of tectonic plates after the meteor catalyst. You could also image the collapse of electric power with the falling of cable lines from earthquakes caused by the meteor blast. This would not be the first time such an event has occurred; or the last. About 65 million years ago, according to Dinosaur, a meteor between 6-12 miles in diameter probably caused the extinction of over 90 % of the life forms on Earth. As the great T-Rex watched the sky and saw the Sun appear double as the Sun’s light was reflected off a giant meteor, which ended up colliding with the Earth in the area now known as the Yucatan Peninsula in Mexico; causing radioactive material to envelop the earth. The dinosaurs were not only covered in complete darkness, by the resulting atmospheric dust, but they also had to deal with famine. The big dinosaurs had large diets. When darkness fell upon the earth; they starved because the plant life died, which is necessary for herbivores. If the herbivores die, then the carnivores also perish. When the dust settled; the rain and sun caused seeds to form new roots. Plant life began to flourish once more. But, anything that survived would now have to deal with a warming Earth due to high CO2 levels generated by the melted limestone in the Earth’s crust from the impact. When all is said and done, the measly mouse was able to scavenge food from the dead corpses of the dinosaurs; riding out the disaster by hibernating. Today, such a disaster on the scale of the dinosaurs occurs over a time interval of millions of years. A smaller impact is more likely. But it would probably not result in the end of the world.
In 5 billion years from now the Sun will expand and incinerate the Earth found at Red Giant-Wikipedia, the free encyclopdia. The Sun is 5 billion years old. It loses mass everyday in the process of giving energy to the Earth. Eventually, in about 5 billion years, making the Sun 10 billion years old, the Sun which is under the influence of inward gravitational force and outward gas pressure will succumb to expansion as its mass shrinks to a critical point. The Sun’s hot gases will envelope the Earth, burning it to a cinder. All that will be left of our star will be a white dwarf, which will eventually burn out, and become a dead black dwarf. But, maybe before all this happens we will develop the ability to travel and inhabit another planet in the solar system, possibly Mars.
There is currently a black hole, according to BlackHole-Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, in the center of the Milky Way galaxy. We are at the edge of the galaxy. The black hole is currently eating away at our galaxy. A black hole is bl
ack because it traps light. It alters time. In fact there is no time at all in a black hole. Black holes cause spagettification of an object. As an object approaches the point of no return, the event horizon, it becomes stretched and compressed; turned into spaghetti, until it is ripped apart. Nothing can withstand the immense gravitational pull of the black hole. The black hole may take billions of years before its force has any substantial influence on the Earth. Maybe, by then, we will be well on our way to outrunning its sphere of influence.
The Second Law of Thermondynamics states that the Universe will eventually use up all its useful energy found at Second Law of Thermodynamics-Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. In other words, all energy will become heat, which is junk! Useful energy is in the form of coal, sunlight, gasoline, food, etc. When you eat food, this allows you to move. When you put gas in your car, the car has the capacity to move. In the process of eating and driving some energy becomes heat. In terms of the vehicle, friction with the road generates heat. In terms of eating, we generate body heat in the metabolic process. In any process, involving energy, heat is generated as a waste product. What will we do when all gas, food, sunlight, etc.; do not exist, only heat is present? The answer is obvious, the universe will become one temperature and all life will end; for sure, it’s a law. The good news is that we will never see this end. It may take over 100 billion years before this happens.
To conclude; the event that will certainly end our world will be our own death. In quantum physics, the world does not exist, unless we are there to observe it. We may never see 2012, and even if we did, the world will probably still be here.
Influenza, from Wikipedia the free encyclopedia, Wikipedia
War with China, Newsmax.com
Dinosaur, from wikipedia the free encyclopedia, wikipedia
Black Death, from Wikipedia the free encyclopedia, Wikipedia
Carl Sagan’s Cosmic Connection, Carl Sagan’s Cosmos Mini-Series
Maya Calendar – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, Wikipedia
Pathogen- Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, Wikipedia
Impact Event-Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, Wikipedia
Nuclear Warfare- Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, Wikipedia
BlackHole-Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, Wikipedia
Red Giant-Wikipedia, the free encyclopdia, Wikipedia
Second Law of Thermodynamics-Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia,Wikipedia